FeedBurner makes it easy to receive content updates in My Yahoo!, Newsgator, Bloglines, and other news readers.
Sunday AM – Here’s regional and local radar – these graphics should update automatically. We’ll have a few widely scattered light showers/sprinkles – maybe a period of drizzle, but this is light and should thin out. There will be a little more rain in the eastern part of Lower Michigan. Here’s Michigan weather observations. Here’s the 7-day rainfall forecast for U.S.
The high of 52 in G.R. Saturday was 14 deg. cooler than the average high of 66. The last time we had a high of 52 was May 12 and the last time we had a high cooler than 52 was April 23. This is the first measurable rain in G.R. in 11 days and with a dry weather pattern from Sunday PM to Thursday AM – we could use the rain. The cool, cloudy weather should accelerate what has been a slow fall color change. Rainfall Sat.: Grand Rapids 0.22″, Lansing 0.23″, Battle Creek 0.07″, Holland 0.05″, Kalamazoo 0.03″, Muskegon 0.01″. Have a great Sunday.
Links: Here’s Grand Rapids radar and Northern Michigan radar, Milwaukee radar. Regional radar and the Updated GRR NWS Short Term Discussion. More links: Northern Indiana radar, Chicago radar, Detroit radar and Milwaukee radar.Here’s College of DuPage Radar Map (pick any radar in the U.S.), College of DuPage Grand Rapids radar, the West Michigan Lightning Tracker, National Lightning Tracker, the local warning/advisory map and the National warning/watch/advisory map, a surface weather map. You can checkout the latest Grand Rapids NWS discussion, the Northern Indiana NWS discussion (includes the Michigan Counties that border Indiana), the discussion for Northern Lower Michigan, and Eastern Lower Michigan. Here’s the Spyglass Condos Weather Station the S. Haven GLERL station, the Muskegon GLERL station, the Grand Haven Steelheaders webcam and weather station, and the weather station at Holland State Park. Check out the links to webcams. Here’s the infrared satellite loop (night) and the visible satellite loop (daytime), Lake Michigan water temperatures (summer). Here’s recent storm reports from SW Michigan, Northern Michigan, NE Illinois, SE. Wisconsin, Upper Michigan and E. Michigan. Check out the wind and wave height at the South Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the North Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the buoy at Big Sable Point near Ludington and the weather station on the beach at St. Joseph. Here’s Michigan wind gusts from MesoWest, data from the MAWN agricultural weather stations and Weather Underground (data at the link from private weather stations). Here’s the Consumers Energy Power Outage Map.
Here’s the tremendous feed of moisture coming up into the Carolinas early Saturday. 1231 AM HEAVY RAIN 3 ENE BOONE HALL PLANTATION 32.87N 79.77W 10/04/2015 M17.10 INCH RAIN CHARLESTON SC - STORM TOTAL RAINFALL SINCE 2 PM THURSDAY ON ROYAL TROON CT. Charleston, SC, International Airport broke its all-time daily rain record on Oct. 3 with 11.50″; old record: 10.52″, 9/21/1998. Vehicles completely submerged in Charleston. Charleston received more rain on Saturday than Las Vegas has had since Dec. 2012! What the rain and wind looked like on Sullivan’s Island SC. Tropical connection all the way from Joaquin all the way to Michigan and Ontario. Also, flooding in Nice, France. Tornado reported near Ciotat (Bouches-du-Rhône, France) Sat. afternoon. Tweet: Natl Hurricane Ctr @NWSNHC 9h9 hours ago ”Folks knocking US models might not know that over last 3 years, average tropical cyclone errors of GFS and ECMWF are virtually identical.” 15.86″ report in N. Myrtle Beach.
Here’s current conditions from North Carolina and South Carolina…some flood reports from Western S. Carolina, Central S. Carolina, Eastern S. Carolina, and Central N. Carolina and Eastern N. Carolina. There are many roads closed and a few landslides have been reported. Midnight to 7:30 am Sat. – Charleston SC airport had 3.46″ of rain, already a daily record. Friday total at Wilmington N.C. was 3.82″ – a daily record. 1.14″ of rain in 1 hr at Elizabethtown, NC. Flood water up a foot in 30 minutes on Market St. in Charleston. Dr. Shepherd on “atmospheric rivers”. 10,000 customers without power in the Charlotte NC area. 2.44″ of rain in 3 hrs at Santee Coastal Reserve, SC. Carolinas surface weather map. 70° dewpoints at the ocean – temps. in the 50s inland. 6-hour rainfall ending at 8 am: 3.79″ N. Charleston SC, 1.72″ Darlington SC, 1.50″ Sumter SC, 1.17″ Columbia SC., 1.70″ Wadesburo NC, 1.02″ Charlotte NC. 24-hr. total 6.62″ Kiawah Is. SC., 7.17″ Sangaree SC. , 7.76″ Boone Hall SC., Crosstown Expressway in Charleston SC is closed. Water rescues underway. It’s gone from bad to worse! Not only do they have significant flooding – but now the Loch Ness Monster has been spotted in Charleston! Rainfall map thru 7 am for SC. Pics. of Charleston flooding. Memphis broke the record for low maximum temperature Saturday, 10/3, with a high of only 59. The previous record was 64 from 1987. Hurricane Joaquin – well east of the U.S. is now a Category 3 and slowly weakening as it moves NNE.
Saturday morning: Overnight model update – high temps. off the NAM for G.R. for Sat./Sun./Mon.: 57, 58, 69. Highs from the GFS model starting with today (Sat.): 57, 63, 69, 73, 71, 72, 64, 62. % chance of rain for G.R. off the NAM for G.R.: 35% today, 60% tonight, 24% Sunday. % chc. of rain from the GFS model: 24% today, 47% tonight, 38% Sun. AM – 43% Tuesday and 59% next Friday. Both models continue the brisk ENE winds today with gusts to 30 mph possible. Getting gusts to 25 mph at 8 am in W. Michigan with temps. in the mid-upper 40s.
Heavy damage from Hurricane Joaquin in in the Bahamas, winds strong enough to flip vehicles. Look at the snow that’s already built up in the Alps of Europe. Line at 7 pm tonight for new Chick fil-A in NYC, 11 1/2 hours before the doors open for grand opening. Chick fil-A coming to West Michigan soon.
I was supposed to do a meet-and-greet at the Grand Rapids Art Museum from 7 to 9 pm this evening, but with the rain, that was cancelled. I’m here working. You can see me thru the window. If you knock on the side door, I can give you a Bill Steffen mustache. We may be getting a little light rain then (if you’re going to ArtPrize today…best to go during the day rather than late pm into this evening, where there is a chance of rain}. I’m also doing the 10 pm and 11 pm news tonight.
Wow! Talk about driving the pile forward! Michigan and MSU won (though MSU’s win wasn’t impressive). Central had a big win over N. Illinois, scoring 23 of their 29 points in the 3rd quarter. Ferris St. beat Findlay (Ohio) in a high-scoring thriller 42-39. GVSU charged through Hillsdale 46-14. Big win for 5-0 Northwestern and Tommy Doles…my Badgers lost 10-6 – four turnovers by the quarterback, including a fumble at Iowa’s one-yard line. Clemson beat Notre Dame in the rain. WMU is idle this week. The Tigers wrap up a disappointing season in Chicago (White Sox) with games Sat. and Sun. Sunday Night Football on WOOD TV8 is the Dallas Cowboys and New Orleans Saints. Finally, the Lions head to the unfriendly home of the Seattle Seahawks for the Monday night game at 8:30 pm on ESPN.
Wisconsin is 71-8 at home the last 10 years but 1-3 vs. Iowa.
Three midday pics. here from the GLERL cameras at Muskegon, Thunder Bay Island (Lake Huron) and Chicago. Classic example of upwelling. The brisk and prevailing northeast wind has pushed the warmer surface water to the west and colder water has moved up to the surface along the Michigan side of Lake Michigan. At the Port Sheldon buoy (about 2 3/4 miles offshore to the northwest of Holland) the water temperature as I write this is 41.5. The mid-Lake Michigan buoy, 40 miles west of Holland is showing a water temperature of 64.8. When cold air comes across relatively warmer water, it creates a stronger wind than when that same air passes over colder water. The wind speed as I write this at the Port Sheldon buoy is 13 mph. The wind speed at the mid-lake buoy is 23 mph. Look at the Muskegon GLERL picture (click on the pic. to enlarge). You can see some white high level clouds and you can look right above the horizon and see some low level clouds. Now look at the satellite picture from this AM. You can see the lower, lake-effect clouds forming where the water is warmer, not near the Michigan shore where the water temperature is colder. At the Port Sheldon buoy, waves (as I write this) are 1.6 feet, but when you get out to the mid-lake buoy, the waves are 5.9 feet (cold air going over warmer water, plus a longer “fetch” – the distance the air travels over the water. At the Chicago GLERL camera sight, nearly 3 miles east of downtown, the wind is a steady 30 mph. The air temperature at the Port Sheldon buoy is 49.5 (as I write this) and the air temp. at the mid-lake buoy over the warmer water is 53.5.
Low temps. this AM: 42 G.R. and Muskegon, 39 Bloomingdale, 38 Alma, Entrican (Montcalm Co.) Ludington and Baldwin, 37 Kent City, 36 Houghton Lake, Hart and Leota, 31 Manton and Pellston, 28 Atlanta, 27 Vanderbilt, Ironwood and Rudyard, 26 Roscommon, 24 Indian River, Kenton, 23 Stambaugh, Paulding, Spincich Lake, Wakefield and Watersmeet, 19 Baraga Plains.
Here’s the latest on Hurricane Joaquin – still a category 4 with 130 mph winds as I write this. It’s not moving much and continuing to devastate the Bahamas. Joaquin now one of the 5 strongest hurricanes to affect the Bahamas. Grand Rapids tied for 6th warmest September. Fall color change, in Atlanta GA. Notre Dame/Clemson game may be switched from football to water polo! Normal high tide vs. today with strong east wind in New Jersey. Light tornado? Fall color change in New York. -36F this AM at Summit Camp, Greenland. Movie of Hurricane Center forecast tracks of Joaquin. Full-Earth satellite view of Hurricane Joaquin. Fresh snow at White Pass, Alaska. Nine inches of snow on the ground in Fairbanks this morning, +10F at Arctic Village.
Click on the pic. to enlarge. This is Pier Cove/Lake Michigan from Jack Martin. Notice the rather limited beach because of the high water level. Lake Michigan/Huron is down 2″ in the last month. The level is up 5″ in the last year and is now 9″ above the average October water level. Lake Superior is down 1″ in the last month, down 1″ in the last year and 6″ above the average September water level. Lake Erie is down 4″ in the last month, but is still 7″ above the level of one year ago. Erie is now 15″ above the average Oct. level. Lake Ontario is down 8″ in the last month, up 6″ in the last year and is now 7″ above the average October level. Lake St. Clair is also quite high, despite losing 1″ in the last month. St. Clair is up 8″ in the last year and it’s now 17″ above the average level for October. The St. Mary’s, Niagara and St. Lawrence Rivers will continue to have above average flow. The St. Clair and Detroit Rivers should also continue to have above average flow. Here’s some current (Friday AM) flow numbers in cubic feet per second compared to median flow: Grand River at Grand Rapids 1720 cfs (1670), Kalamazoo River at New Richmond 1280 cfs (1250).
Overnight model data: NAM high temps. for G.R. starting with today (Fri.): 61/53/62, GFS highs for G.R. starting with today (Fri.): 62/60/64/66/69/74/73/69. The NAM has a 41% chance of a shower Sat. night and 38% Sunday, the GFS has 25% late Sat./Sat. night and just 27% on Sunday. The chance of rain is high for Thursday (42%) and Friday (57%) of next week.
Also: 149 mph wind gust before the site got knocked offline on Crooked Island, Bahamas!! From the cockpit of a Hurricane Hunter Aircraft over Hurricane Joaquin. The latest update on Hurricane Joaquin. Joaquin is the first major hurricane to impact the Bahamas in October in 61 years! Tropical Storm over Luzon, Philippines moving NW into S. China – will not recurve. Regarding the Oregon shooter: ”The hospital said on Twitter that the victims were all female and between the ages of 18 and 34″. The gunman, while reloading his handgun, ordered the students to stand up if they were Christians, Boylan told her family. ”And they would stand up and he said, ‘Good, because you’re a Christian, you’re going to see God in just about one second,’” Boylan’s father, Stacy, told CNN, relaying her account. ”And then he shot and killed them.” (from the Huff Post). I got to ride with the Clydesdales once. Overnight models still forecast a lot of rain for the East Coast states. Full Earth satellite pic. showing Joaquin. Nice % of sunshine graph from GRR NWS. Michigan-Maryland football game moved up to a Noon start.
Mass shootings at a college in Roseburg, Oregon at Umpqua Community College (about 3,000 students living on campus – many more students commute – Douglas Co.), Snyder Hall – police report – latest is 10 fatalities. “The shooter was lining people up and asking if they were Christian,” she wrote. “If they said yes, then they were shot in the head“. From Jake Tapper: ”Father of survivor: shooter said “if you’re a Christian, stand-up…you’re going to see God in just about one second” then shot & killed them.” 45th shooting at a college this year. Roseburg is a city of about 22,000 people about 180 miles south of Portland, Oregon – watch WOOD/NBC for more. My wife’s adopted brother lives in Roseburg. He knows people who work at the college – all his friends are safe.
European model just coming in continues to take “Joaquin” out to sea. It may come close to Bermuda. The storm is now a Category 4 with winds of 130 mph – devastation on NE Bahama Islands – the storm is probably at peak intensity now (Thurs. night). Still heavy rain for NC.
Thurs. AM: If you check the satellite loop, you can see lake-effect clouds forming over Lake Huron and moving to the southwest toward G.R. The clouds will diminish a bit as the afternoon goes on and temperatures warm a little over Lake Huron. Here’s the NAM model – Here’s the morning run of the GFS, keeping Joachin well offshore. That’s a better choice, as I see it now. REGARDLESS, there will be an extended period of significant rain from the Carolinas and perhaps up north into Virginia with significant flooding LIKELY. And, regardless, there will be a period of significant wind +40 wind gusts for a couple days along the coast of NC and that will cause beach erosion. The east winds may blow enough moisture back to the west to give us a period of light rain (best chance Lansing to Jackson east).
Low temps. Thurs. AM: 45 Kalamazoo (airport), 43 Battle Creek, 42 Holland and Muskegon, 40 G.R. (coolest of the season so far), 39 Fremont, Bloomingdale, Charlotte, Watervliet, Lawton, 38 Kent City, 37 Hart, 36 Reed City and Ludington, 35 Houghton Lake, 34 Manistee, Petoskey, 33 Baldwin and Gaylord, 32 Manistique, 31 Pellston, Engadine, Grayling, Bellaire and Marquette, 30 Leota (Clare Co.) Manton and Ironwood, 27 Roscommon, Wakefield, 26 Atlanta, Indian River, Watersmeet, 24 Spincich Lake, Doe Lake, Paulding, Champion, 23 Baraga Plains.
September ended 4.6 deg. warmer than average in G.R. It was the 5th warmest Sept. ever in G.R. We had 61% of possible sunshine (avg. is 59%). The warm, sunny weather has kept the leaves green (the color change will accelerate in the next 10 days). G.R. had 2.26″ of rain – that’s 2.02″ below average for G.R. Sept. is quite variable for rainfall in G.R. We’ve had enough rain to keep things green in most areas and crops still look very good as harvest continues.
Here is the latest track map for Hurricane Joaquin from the National Hurricane Center. Links: 5-day rainfall prediction from WPC – heavy rain from S. Carolina to S. New England – some amounts could reach 10″ and this will be on already wet ground. Links: Tropical Storm Wind Probability (over 45 mph)…note the greatest wind threat is on the Outer Banks of NC. By hurricane standards these are not super-strong winds…the main threat from Joachin will come from flooding from heavy rain. Click the links for the hurricane forecast discussion, the Public Advisory , the Forecast Advisory (includes watches and warnings). Severe damage and flooding likely in the Bahamas from Joaquin. The models continue on different paths…the overnight GFS model data shows the storm coming into NC, the overnight run of the European model at 48 hours shows the storm drifting SW into the Bahamas, then going north then northeast out toward Bermuda on Monday. Here’s the visible satellite loop, infrared loop (black and white), funktop satellite loop, Flood Watch for E. NC, zone forecast for the Outer Banks of NC. Stay or leave. Cape Hatteras had 12.53″ of rain in Sept. – double the average (6.25″), so the ground is pretty saturated already.
Michigan is playing football at Maryland Saturday evening. The Univ. of Maryland is just northeast of Washington DC. The Big Ten Network has already pulled some of their intended pre-game show. They’d play the game in the rain, but they won’t play with nearby cloud-ground lightning (not much lightning in tropical storms/hurricanes) and would probably cancel/postpone if there was any significant danger for fans. Michigan has outscored their last 3 opponents 94-14.
Also, look at the flooding in Sardinia – and this waterfall across a road. Sunset from a ship in Lake Michigan. September 2015 global temperature anomaly +0.302°C…much of U.S. warm. It’s been 3,628 days since a major hurricane has hit the U.S. (Wilma Oct. 24, 2005.) – longest time ever (going back to the Civil War era) without a Category 3 or higher hurricane hit on the U.S. Lightning over Rio de Janeiro. Flooding in Turkey. San Francisco had measurable rain ye3sterday, the first time since June 10. M5.5 earthquake Guerrero, Mexico. Fairbanks with 11.2″ of snow yesterday! Snowiest Sept day on record. Second snowiest month of Sept.on record. Anchorage wetter in September than January through August combined. Flooding in Portland, Maine.
Three lovely views of the sunset last night…from Gun Lake Deb, Tristen Lobbezoo in Walker via ReportIt and John Hoyt at Myers Lake (Kent Co.). Click on the images to enlarge. Blue Bridge in G.R. Tues. night. Low temps. last night: 43 G.R., Muskegon and Holland, 41 Kalamazoo, 39 Big Rapids, Reed City, 36 Manistee, 35 Baldwin, 34 Bellaire, 33 Pellston, 31 Roscommon and Houghton, 30 Leota, Marquette and Ironwood, 28 Rudyard, 25 Wakefield, Watersmeet, Paulding and Champion, 24 Kenton, 22 Baraga Plains. First temp. below freezing of the fall at Marquette. Here’s a satellite loop – showing some lake-effect clouds moving to the southwest off Lake Huron into areas east and southeast of G.R.
The hurricane coming up the East Coast (Joaquin) is going to be a bigger deal than the media is reporting. I think the hurricane will be stronger and far enough west to give some very heavy rain and flooding to the East Coast states from the Carolinas northward. Wind and beach erosion will be a problem, too. The overnight run of the GFS takes the hurricane into E. Virginia. The strong fetch of moist air coming in off the Atlantic and hitting the Appalachian Mts. could produce some 6″+ rains and flooding. The combination of the hurricane and a large high pressure system in NE Canada will keep a strong pressure gradient and significant wind going for several days. Here in Michigan, the wind will not be as strong, but it will be steady from the north and northeast, continuing to bring down cool air from Canada. We’re seeing how far back the eastern rain can get – maybe back to W. Michigan – maybe not – but probably backing up into areas east of Lansing and Jackson. The farther east you go this weekend, the better the chance of a period of rain. Canadian model forecasting a cool winter for the Great Lakes and Northeast.
Hurricane Joaquin track from the National Hurricane Center…funktop satellite loop, showing the storm moving toward the northeast Bahama Islands…infrared satellite loop (black and white)….Caribbean to SE U.S. weather map…forecast discussion on Joaquin…public advisory…forecast advisory...strong wind forecast…huge rains possible in the Carolinas. Also, tropical storm Marty off the West Coast of Mexico will weaken to a depression and drift west away from the coast. Pic. from Hurricane Hunter Aircraft flying above Joaquin.
5.44″ of rain in DuBois PA…4″ rain in Russellton PA…flooding from 5-7″ rain in Riner, VA…15,000 customers without power in PA from storms…Congrats. to Charles Russell…5.18″ of rain have fallen today near Simpsons, VA and 14.29″ since Friday. Interesting report on the Johns Island SC tornado. The tornado moved from SSE to NNW! At 10 PM, Anchorage Forecast office measured 0.3″ of snow! The first accumulating snow of the snow season! Another 7.4″ of snow fell at Fairbanks.
Freeze Warning (dark blue) and Frost Advisory (Detroit Lions blue) for the U.P. Big and abrupt pattern change to cool. At 9 pm it’s already down to 53 in G.R., 49 in Big Rapids and 42 at Grayling. Watch me on TV for more. They’ve upgraded the intensity of soon-to-be Hurricane Joaquin. I’m worried they have the track too far east. Regardless…lots of wind and rain for the East Coast late this week and over the weekend.
I’ll leave radar at the top of the blog for the mainly light showers coming thru from north-northwest to south-southeast. Rainfall amounts will be light. This looks like our only chance of rain the rest of this week. I presonally hope we get a little rain. The clouds should clear from north-northwest to south-southeast from mid-afternoon thru early evening. The NAM model has (PM) highs for G.R. of 67. 66. 63, 63, 59, 61, 64, 64 with a 56% chance of rain this AM and about a 30% chance of a shower next Sunday and Monday. The NAM model has highs of 69, 62, 62 for the next 3 days and a 52% chance of measurable rain for G.R. this AM. Here’s Michigan weather observations. Here’s the 7-day rainfall forecast for U.S. Time to get out the jackets and sweaters.
New at Noon Tues: Rainfall as of noon: 0.70″ Manistee, 0.58″ Traverse City, 0.46″ Big Rapids, 0.44″ Ludington, 0.23″ Muskegon, 0.14″ Holland. WOW! Today is the first day in half a month that will not reach 70. The high for G.R. today will be the 69-degree reading at 12:01 am. Heavy rain likely from NC north into New England over the next 10 days. Over the next week, we’ll be tracking Tropical Storm (possibly hurricane) Joaquin. Fairbanks AK webcam. Old violent Muppets commercials. I used to watch these commercials on TV when I was a kid – the Muppets also did commercials for Kraml milk. CFSv2 model did a terrible job predicting Sept. temperatures.
Links: Here’s Grand Rapids radar and Northern Michigan radar, Milwaukee looping radar. Regional radar and the Updated GRR NWS Short Term Discussion. More links: Northern Indiana radar, Chicago radar, Detroit radar and Milwaukee radar.Here’s College of DuPage Radar Map (pick any radar in the U.S.), College of DuPage Grand Rapids radar, the West Michigan Lightning Tracker, National Lightning Tracker, the local warning/advisory map and the National warning/watch/advisory map, a surface weather map. You can checkout the latest Grand Rapids NWS discussion, the Northern Indiana NWS discussion (includes the Michigan Counties that border Indiana), the discussion for Northern Lower Michigan, and Eastern Lower Michigan. Here’s the Spyglass Condos Weather Station the S. Haven GLERL station, the Muskegon GLERL station, the Grand Haven Steelheaders webcam and weather station, and the weather station at Holland State Park. Check out the links to webcams. Here’s the infrared satellite loop (night) and the visible satellite loop (daytime), Lake Michigan water temperatures (summer). Here’s recent storm reports from SW Michigan, Northern Michigan, NE Illinois, SE. Wisconsin, Upper Michigan and E. Michigan. Check out the wind and wave height at the South Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the North Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the buoy at Big Sable Point near Ludington and the weather station on the beach at St. Joseph. Here’s Michigan wind gusts from MesoWest, data from the MAWN agricultural weather stations and Weather Underground (data at the link from private weather stations). Here’s the Consumers Energy Power Outage Map.
48-hour rainfall totals: 11.24″ Destin FL, 9.85″ Redstone Arsenal, 7.79″ Mobile AL, 7.04″ Pascagoula MS, 6.72″ Pensacola FL. Tropical Storm Joaquin forms in the Atlantic – many head toward the East Coast (as a tropical storm). Heavy rain could fall in the NE Bahamas. Arctic ice extent has earliest minimum in recent years. A second September heavy snowfall is expected in interior Alaska, where up to 20″ of snow could fall in Denali Natl. Park. 2 dead, 324 injured after Typhoon Dujuan strikes Taiwan. Look at the downslope warming (temps. in C) on the south side of Typhoon Dujuan…36.9C = 98.4F. Here’s Dujuan approaching Taiwan. Rainfall in Taiwan – up to 27″. Beautiful Michigan sunset (thanks, Charles). Interesting clouds over the Pacific from the Space Stn. Cool lightning pic. from Reed Timmer. 3 reporters send out the same tweet – hmmmm. Cool pics. of the supermoon eclipse over D.C. Composite of supermoon-eclipse over the Mississippi River. Supermoon-eclipse over the Washington Monument.