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Migration is transforming our world: by the end of this decade, most developing countries will have more people living in cities than in rural areas. Most migrants are in their early to mid-20s. Substantial numbers of adolescent girls are also on the move. Because of their age and gender, migrant girls are especially vulnerable to risks such as exploitative employment. But more evidence is needed on how to maximise migration’s benefits and minimise its risks for adolescent girls.
This policy brief provides a summary of key findings and recommendations from the the Population Council report, Girls on the Move: Adolescent Girls & Migration in the Developing World, from their Girls Count series. By providing a road map for policy makers and programme planners, the report focuses on the need to increase the visibility of migrant girls, reduce their vulnerability, and realise their full potential.
Main recommendations include:
prepare and equip girls before they migrate - with knowledge of their rights, life skills, IDs, and other portable assets
reduce the risk of trafficking and exploitation by connecting girls with safe places to stay and trusted individuals and by building support networks
ensure health and education services are sensitive to age, sex, and migration status
prepare girls for success
design girl-only approaches to reach domestic workers, child brides, and sexually exploited girls
develop qualitative and longitudinal studies to shed light on migrant girls’ experiences
maximise the benefits of migration by increasing adolescent girls’ visibility in policy and advocacy
The role of migration in reducing poverty in developing countries has been investigated mainly from the perspective of migrants and their relatives. This paper, however, reviews the way hosting households in Tanzania traced between 1991 and 2004, when their region had been affected by massive refugee inflows. The paper is sought to assess how migration may affect poverty in the hosting communities.
The results indicate that although doubling the refugee inflows from Burundi and Rwanda had increased real consumption by 8% in the hosting community, the probability of getting out of poverty had also increased by 11%.
The document illustrates that there was an imperfect substitution between refugees and their local hosts and an increase in market size, while land availability was preserved. Furthermore, it clarifies that the role of health and transport infrastructure was certainly complementary to these market-based channels, but the relative importance of public policies would need to be further investigated.