Eisenhower Institute News Latest news coverage for the Eisenhower Institute Susan Eisenhower Meets African Leaders http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=428990fa-fbc9-4428-bc98-73f31554a777&pageTitle=Susan+Eisenhower+Meets+African+Leaders http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=428990fa-fbc9-4428-bc98-73f31554a777&pageTitle=Susan+Eisenhower+Meets+African+Leaders On October 10, 2016, Chairman Emeritus Susan Eisenhower had the opportunity to speak to the Eisenhower Fellows from Africa during the Eisenhower Fellowship's 2016 Africa Program.

The Eisenhower Fellowships, based in Philadelphia, is an Eisenhower Legacy organization. Eisenhower Fellowships identifies, empowers and connects innovative leaders through a transformative fellowship experience and lifelong engagement in a global network of dynamic change agents committed to creating a world more peaceful, prosperous and just. Fellowships are offered both domestically and internationally. Eisenhower Fellows are exceptional leaders in their countries, representing a diverse mix of private, public and NGO sectors. Although diverse in background and interests, each of them has demonstrated leadership ability and a commitment to better their communities and advance their professional disciplines as a result of the fellowship. Eisenhower Fellows are mid-career professionals, typically 32 to 45 years old.

Although part of a cohort of approximately 25 people, each International Eisenhower Fellow travels independently around the United States following an individualized itinerary, meeting with relevant experts, professionals and leaders to help them identify and take steps to implement concrete ways in which they can increase their impact once they return home. The cohort is together at the beginning of the fellowship, at a midpoint retreat and at the end of the fellowship for organized activities and sessions. Throughout the program, Eisenhower Fellowships’(EF) sponsors, Trustees and supporters also provide the Fellows with unique opportunities to further their fellowship objectives.

As many African countries undergo seismic transitions, with unprecedented population growth bringing new demands for sustainable economic development, in 20116, Eisenhower Fellowships hosted the first program dedicated exclusively to Sub-Saharan Africa in EF’s 63-year history. The 24 Fellows work in fields ranging from agriculture, education and women’s leadership to banking, climate change, health and housing. They include social entrepreneurs seeking to strengthen the ecosystem for the growth of small and medium-size enterprises in the region. Since its founding, EF has hosted a total of 182 African Fellows, the first one a Ghanaian diplomat, Frederick Arkhurst, in the very first class of Fellows in 1954. 

The Africa Fellows launched their program with a week of activities in Philadelphia starting October 2, 2016, then proceed on individual journeys throughout the country visiting approximately 8 to10 cities and towns throughout the U.S. Their fellowship culminates with a series of public events in New York City the week of November 14.  

Click here to learn more about the Eisenhower Fellowships and their 2016 Africa Program.

Eisenhower Fellow Edward Mbucho Mungai of Kenya shares his thoughts on Susan's remarks:

Yesterday, the 2016 Eisenhower African fellows had another inspiring speaker. This time it was Susan Elaine Eisenhower who is a consultant, author, and expert on international security, space policy, energy, and relations between the Russian Federation and the United States of America. As the name suggest she is a granddaughter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and sister to David who we met last week. One takeaway from her speech is that in leadership we should avoid excuses. She reminded us that everyday people make excuses mistakenly for challenges that are presented to them. She was quick to add that excuses don’t help in any way and after a while people get tired of hearing them. Putting this in to perspective, it got me thinking what reduction of excuses can mean to all of us…. It will mean

More focus and hence more results as there is reduced waste of time complaining and giving excuses, it will make people to appreciate us more as we will take more responsibility and it will also transform negative thoughts into positive ones and hence reduce our stress level.
A key learning shared by her was in regards to the military… please note that when Susan was growing up she was surrounded by “military personnel’s” her grandfather, her father and other people in the family. One of the takeaway from this background is that there are only four answers to a question;

1. Yes Sir!
2. No Sir!
3. No excuses Sir!
4. Have no information and I will get back to you sir!

This is kind of the altitude that we should have in life to always take responsibility as illustrated by the 4 answers.
As an advice, I think we should avoid the following statements at all cost in our lives;

• I could if …
• I can’t because …
• If I had … I could do it.
• … happened to me.
• … isn’t fair.
• … has an advantage.
• Let me explain why I can’t.
• I don’t have enough time.
• I don’t have enough money.
• I don’t know how to do

Trying this will definitely secure a better life for us…..

#EFFELLOWS Eisenhower Fellowships

Thu, 20 Oct 2016 12:02:36 EDT
Student Spolight: Spencer King '19 http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=40dbc5e3-bbb9-497c-a5c3-76ba89cc96cf&pageTitle=Student+Spolight%3A+Spencer+King+%2719 http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=40dbc5e3-bbb9-497c-a5c3-76ba89cc96cf&pageTitle=Student+Spolight%3A+Spencer+King+%2719 “I remember after my first Arabic class at Gettysburg, I called my mom and dad and said, ‘this is what I want to do for the rest of my life—speak this language.’ ”

You could say the linguistic passion was instantaneous for Spencer King ’19. King is already fluent in English and Swahili. That makes Arabic his third language—and possibly the toughest to learn.

“The thing about Arabic is that it takes three times longer for an English speaker to learn than any other language,” King explained.

King’s appreciation of international culture and language stems from his upbringing. He was raised in Kijabe, Kenya, where he lived since he was eleven months old. In his college search, he was looking for a school in the United States where he would be able to thrive in small classes and establish strong relationships with professors and peers—so he chose Gettysburg. With varied coursework focused in Economics, International Affairs, and Islamic Studies, King has quickly become an inquisitive and inspired Gettysburgian.

International Background

“I grew up in Kenya speaking Swahili and English,” King said. “When I came to the US, I realized that I couldn’t speak Swahili anymore. I found that I’m not interested in German, French, or Spanish, but I value language because of communication—and I thought that Arabic looked fun.”

After his two subsequent semesters of Arabic at Gettysburg, King was hooked on the language and applied for the U.S. Department of State Critical Language Scholarship (CLS).

“I applied for the CLS after only taking one year of Arabic, but they accepted me into the program,“ he said.

King was thrilled to have the opportunity to travel to Ibri, Oman, for an 8-week, full-immersion into Arab culture for the summer of 2016.

Traveling to the Arab World

Despite being a quick and eager learner, King explained that the initial communication barrier was hard to overcome.

“The first two weeks were tough. I sat in class and felt so lost because I didn't know the language as well as most of the other people in the program who had taken four or five years of Arabic.

“After about two weeks, I started getting in the mode and I could understand the dialect; everything got easier.”

Once King gained confidence though practicing his Arabic, he was better able to participate in the Arab culture in Oman while making important cross-cultural comparisons.

“The culture of Oman was especially interesting for me because I found it to be very similar to the culture in which I grew up, in Kenya,” King explained. “It makes sense because historically Oman actually ruled a portion of the Kenyan coast; during that time we actually adopted a lot of their culture, including a good portion of their language.”

Despite the linguistic similarities, King was unfamiliar with the dry heat and religious practices of the Arab culture.

“I was living on the edge of the largest sand desert in the world,” King said. “It would regularly hit 122 degrees! For cultural appropriateness, I had to cover my whole body most of the time,” he said. “I wore a dishdasha, an Arab garment similar to a robe, as so that I stayed covered and modest.”

With the religious focus, King experienced a strong sense of cultural affiliation in Ibri. Even as a non-fluent speaker of Arabic from a western society, King was treated as a member of the community.

“It was cool because as long as you somehow knew someone who was invited to a party or an event, you were invited,” King revealed. “I actually went to three weddings during my time in Ibri, and people who I didn't even know invited me to stay in their homes.”

Considering the Future

Even though he is only a sophomore, King has some ideas about how he will take his cultural and linguistic passions into his post-grad life.

“In the future, I would like to work in the Arab world or for the US Foreign Service,” he said. “I think it'd be fun to live like a nomad and travel around for the rest of my life, using my language skills and experiencing new things.”

First Swahili, now Arabic: Spencer King ’19 is passionate about language

Article by Megan Decker, communications and marketing intern

Contact: Carina Sitkus, senior assistant director of communications, 717.337.6803

Posted: Wed, 19 Oct 2016

Wed, 26 Oct 2016 03:33:27 EDT
EI Students Play Hardball http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=7d3ad4d1-9e20-4de4-818a-428364e6e449&pageTitle=EI+Students+Play+Hardball http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=7d3ad4d1-9e20-4de4-818a-428364e6e449&pageTitle=EI+Students+Play+Hardball “This conversation is the best in the country. You don’t get this kind of exposure anywhere else,” said Chris Matthews, host of MSNBC’s Hardball, while at Gettysburg College with Howard Fineman of the Huffington Post.

The hour-long conversation, held in the College’s Alumni House, provided 15 Gettysburg students with the opportunity to bring their political passions into a real-world discussion with the experts, as well as for the experts to learn more about the millennial vote this election season.

Matthews and Fineman facilitated a lively conversation with students from a variety of campus organizations—from College Republicans, College Democrats, and College Independents to nonpartisan affiliated students with Students for Sanders, Gettysburg Anti-Capitalist Collective, Young Americans for Liberty, Student Senate, Students for Hillary, and The Eisenhower Institute.

Howard Fineman with Gettysburg students

View all of the photos from Chris Matthews and Howard Fineman's visit on Flickr

The main topic of discussion was the current presidential race between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Students respectfully debated both sides of the coin on a variety of issues—citing differences in experience, domestic and foreign policy, and leadership style.

Piper O’Keefe ’17 explained her reasoning for supporting the Clinton campaign:

“Her experienced role within the international community is what’s drawing me to vote for her. I can also appreciate that in my first presidential voting year, my vote will be cast for a woman.”

Opinions were heard from the opposing side as well:

“I think that people are afraid to say that they’re voting for Trump. Clinton fails to capture millennial votes because many feel that she’s disingenuous,” voiced Zach Bartman ’18.

During the discussion, students quoted current polling numbers and identified the regions of Pennsylvania that could swing to either the Republican or Democratic side in the upcoming month.

“You guys really know your stuff,” said Matthews.

Fineman echoed that sentiment: “Here at Gettysburg, a liberal arts institution, you all have been taught to understand and appreciate facts and analyses that bolster a great argument.”

Watch Chris Matthews and Howard Fineman discuss their visit on Hardball at the 2:20 mark.

The students’ reflections post-discussion were inspired, with a buzzing sense of excitement for the upcoming election. Amelia Smith ’17 explained her personal insights after the conversation with the political professionals:

“I have been lucky enough to meet Chris Matthews before this event through a program with The Eisenhower Institute. I remember at that meeting, he was asking us whether or not we thought that Hillary Clinton would run for president in 2016.

“Now, here we are three years later, actually talking about the Clinton campaign. Having such a casual setting created great conversations that really made me think about my own personal opinions about this election!”

To sign off, Matthews left his captivated audience of young Gettysburgians with a few words of advice— and some hope for the future of the United States political system.

“Please run for office. Go into politics in the future because you all will have the experience and the passion to lead.”
CM, JMR, HF and students at Gettysburg

Read about Chris Matthews’ visit to Gettysburg in 2011; he also spoke in 2008. Howard Fineman participated in a panel discussion on campus in 2012.

Talking politics with the pros: Chris Matthews and Howard Fineman visit Gettysburg to speak with students

Article by Megan Decker ’17, communications and marketing intern

Contact: Jamie Yates, director of communications and media relations, 717.337.6801.

Posted: Fri, 7 Oct 2016


Wed, 26 Oct 2016 03:36:55 EDT
Normandy Invades Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1a0033eb-ef42-4c9b-9d2b-2d207b88a03f&pageTitle=Normandy+Invades+Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1a0033eb-ef42-4c9b-9d2b-2d207b88a03f&pageTitle=Normandy+Invades+Gettysburg During the summer of 2016, The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College had the opportunity to host two very special guests with ties to the 1944 D-Day invasion.

In June, the Institute proudly welcomed Jean Quétier, mayor of Sainte-Mère-Église, France to Gettysburg. Sainte-Mère-Église is the sister city of Gettysburg, PA, and during his visit, Mayor Quétier explored ways to enhance the relationship between these two historic towns.  Just prior to his visit, Mayor Quétier had welcomed Chairman Emeritus Susan Eisenhower to Normandy and Sainte-Mère-Église for the 72nd Anniversary of D-Day (where she was awarded the French Legion of Honor).  The Institute doubly appreciated the opportunity to return the favor as host as Mayor Quétier had also met with ¿‎Strategy & Leadership in Transformation Times (SALTT) program participants during their visits to Normandy.

Isherwood shows Mayor of SME Gettysburg College

The Mayor’s visit included a visit to the Eisenhower home and farm with the National Park Service and a Gettysburg Battlefield tour with then-Assistant Director of Gettysburg College’s Civil War Institute, Dr. Ian Isherwood. He also had the opportunity to explore the Gettysburg Museum of History and its newly unveiled Maj. Dick Winters exhibit.  Mayor Quétier enjoyed dinners with Gettysburg Borough Council Members, Institute National Advisory Council member Ambassador Larry Taylor, and Institute staff.

Click here to view photos from Mayor Quétier’s visit to Gettysburg.

Shortly after the Mayor’s visit, Institute staff members were contacted by Erik Dorr, curator and owner of the Gettysburg Museum of History. Dorr indicated that Pvt. Jim “Pee Wee” Martin would be visiting Gettysburg and his museum to do some filming for the Smithsonian Channel.  He inquired if the Institute would be willing and able to assist with Jim’s visit, as Martin had expressed interest in visiting his commander's homes while in Gettysburg. 

On June 6, 1944 Pvt. Jim "Pee Wee" Martin parachuted inton Normandy with G Company of the 101st Airborne's 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment. He later participated in Operation arket Garden and was in Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. He would make it all the way to Berchtesgaden, Germany, the home of Hitler's Eagle's Nest.

Pvt. Martin also jumped into Normandy on the 70th Anniversary of D-Day on June 6, 2014 at the young age of 93.

On July 26, Executive Director Jeffrey Blavatt welcomed Jim Martin, his colleague Doug Barber, and Erik Dorr to the Institute’s office on the Gettysburg College campus.  Following a brief visit and tour, the group traveled to the Eisenhower Farm where Martin was personally greeted by Chairman Emeritus Susan Eisenhower. Eisenhower had met Martin on previous visits to Normandy and made a point to provide a personal tour of her grandparent’s home. 

Video by Doug Barber. Used with permission.

Following the tour of the Eisenhower Farm, Martin and his colleagues traveled to the Gettysburg Visitor’s Center and concluded his day with a tour of the battlefield.

Click here to view photos from Pvt. Jim “Pee Wee” Martin’s visit to Gettysburg.

The Institute was tremendously honored to host both gentleman and thank them for their service and dedication to honoring the memory of Dwight D. Eisenhower.   

Tue, 18 Oct 2016 03:32:32 EDT
Ambassador of Liberty Returns to Alma Mater http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5c380492-6871-449c-88c5-d3adcd7d1392&pageTitle=Ambassador+of+Liberty+Returns+to+Alma+Mater http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=5c380492-6871-449c-88c5-d3adcd7d1392&pageTitle=Ambassador+of+Liberty+Returns+to+Alma+Mater (Editor’s Note: This article was originally featured on the homepage of the Gettysburg College website.)

Ron Paul ’57 delivers Constitution Day lecture, meets with students

Former presidential candidate and congressman Dr. Ron Paul ’57 returned to campus on September 29 to deliver the annual Constitution Day lecture, which was sponsored by The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College, the Political Science Department, and the Alumni Office. During Paul’s three-day visit over Homecoming Weekend, he also met with students and celebrated the 100th anniversary of Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity, of which he was a member.

Paul last spoke at Gettysburg in 2008 to a capacity crowd at the Majestic Theater. This year, he delivered his lecture, called “Try Liberty for a Change,” to another full and energetic audience in the College Union Building ballroom, followed by a question and answer session. Over 800 members of the College and greater Gettysburg community attended the discussion, which was moderated by political science Prof. Kenneth Mott.

“I want to get people interested enough to look at a message that I’ve worked on for a long time,” he said. “Politicians are always talking about change but nothing ever really changes.”

Recalling how one Gettysburg professor sparked his interest, Paul said he hopes his talk motivates people to become more inquisitive in their own search for knowledge.

“I remember I had a professor by the name of Robert Bloom, and about three or four years after I was out of college, I remember writing to him and asking for some books to read because I had become fascinated in learning more about history,” Paul said. “I remember him acknowledging this, and he sent me back some suggestions. You don't finish your education when you walk out the door.”

On the Friday following the lecture, Paul visited Prof. Bruce Larson’s public policy class and spoke with several student groups, including Fielding and Undergraduate Fellows from the Eisenhower Institute, and The Young Americans for Liberty, which is a national student organization that was founded after, and inspired in part by, Paul’s presidential campaign in 2008.

Dr. & Mrs. Ron Paul meet with EIUF & EIFF

Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows and Fielding Fellows enjoy lunch with Dr. & Mrs. Ron Paul.

Dr. Ron Paul and EI Undergraduate Fellows and Fielding Fellows

Undergraduate Fellows and Fielding Fellows with Dr. Ron Paul '57.

Emily Keyser ’19, an economics and public policy double major and the public relations chair of the Gettysburg College Democrats, said she appreciated hearing Paul’s perspective.

“I like hearing different sides of political issues, especially since [Paul] is a libertarian,” said Keyser. “Libertarians have some ideals that align with both the Republican and Democratic parties. It’s healthy to disagree with people in politics, and it was interesting and refreshing to hear his viewpoint."

On campus, Paul was joined by his wife, Carolyn, whom he married during his senior year at Gettysburg. The couple lived in an apartment on Carlisle Street, and Carolyn worked as a faculty assistant in Glatfelter Hall while Paul finished his senior year before attending medical school at Duke University. At Gettysburg, Paul was a biology major, a member of the swimming and track teams, and held various positions in his fraternity and on campus (including manager of the Bullet Hole).

After graduating from the Duke University School of Medicine in 1961, he served as a flight surgeon in the United States Air Force and started his own medical practice in Texas in 1968 before entering politics. Paul sought the 2008 and 2012 Republican presidential nomination and was the Libertarian candidate on the national ballot in 1988. He also served 12 terms in Congress (R-Tex.).

View the slideshow from Paul’s visit to campus.

Watch the live recording of Paul’s remarks.

Read about the Constitution Day lecture in the York Daily Record.

Listen to Scott LaMar’s interview with Paul on Smart Talk.

Founded in 1832, Gettysburg College is a highly selective four-year residential college of liberal arts and sciences with a strong academic tradition. Alumni include Rhodes Scholars, a Nobel laureate, and other distinguished scholars. The college enrolls 2,700 undergraduate students and is located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania.


Tue, 18 Oct 2016 04:20:11 EDT
Developing Intelligence http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=86740c8d-3484-4bd1-8484-a1923cf8aac2&pageTitle=Developing+Intelligence http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=86740c8d-3484-4bd1-8484-a1923cf8aac2&pageTitle=Developing+Intelligence Editor's Note: During Summer 2016, Fielding Fellow Taylor Beck '17 had the opportunity to attend the United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation annual GEOINT Symposium to assist and support USGIF CEO, Keith Masback '87. The following articles share highlights from Taylor's experience.

How many students get to casually sit and talk with General James Clapper, Director of National Intelligence, for an hour? According to Keith Masback ’87, only General Clapper’s grandkids…and now Fielding Fellow Taylor Beck ’17.

This past summer, the United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) hosted the annual GEOINT Symposium in Orlando, Florida. Keith Masback, CEO of the USGIF, needed a student assistant during the week of the conference. That opportunity fell to Beck.

Beck was Masback’s shadow during the week-long conference, following him from breakfast, to the exhibit hall, to meetings with some of the nation’s top intelligence experts. These experts included, among others, General Clapper, Robert Cardillo, Director of the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), and Letia Long, former director of the NGA. It sounds nerve-wracking, but Beck, a political science major interested in national security law, took it in stride. Masback said of Beck, “She is now the most well-known Gettysburg College student in the U.S. Intelligence community.”

Beck discussed her week at the symposium saying, “One of my biggest takeaways from GEOINT is how much the intelligence field is evolving and how important it is to national security. In the 1960s we were using U-2 planes to take pictures from 70,000 feet and now we're utilizing satellites to do reconnaissance from space.”

But she came away with more than an appreciation for intelligence technology. In one conversation during the week, senior members of the intelligence community expressed concern about the millennial generation and the future of government work. Beck defended herself and her peers, sighting the impressive work ethic and inherent curiosity she witnesses at Gettysburg. She made an impression. At the end of the conversation, an agent walked over to her, shook her hand, and said, “Don't let them get you down, with that attitude you're going to do great things.”

This article was written by Fielding Fellow Rachel Haskins ‘17, a political science major with minors in Religious Studies and Middle East andn Islamic Studies.

(Editors Note: This article was originally featured on the Gettysburg College website.)

Collaborating with the Intelligence Community

Taylor Beck ’17 was walking around a conference for the U.S. intelligence community when she bumped into CNN’s Jim Sciutto preparing a Facebook Live broadcast from the exhibit floor. She was attending the conference as the personal assistant for Keith Masback ’87, the CEO of the United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, who encouraged her to introduce herself.

Minutes later, she was behind the scenes, filming a broadcast to over 100,000 live viewers. No pressure.

“No one was there begging to hear my opinions as an undergraduate student, but I was still encouraged to speak up and connect with some of the most important people in the intelligence field,” Beck said. “It was a little overwhelming at first, but I was able to hold my own and network with some of the biggest names in the intelligence community.”

The week-long job shadowing experience came together rather quickly. Masback reached out to political science Prof. Shirley Anne Warshaw in need of an assistant, who’s first thought to fill the position was Beck.

“She emailed me, asking if I might be interested in attending this national symposium,” Beck said. “I emailed her back within minutes saying yes!”

Finding a mentor

Beck’s relationship with Warshaw dates back to her first days on campus. In fact, Beck enrolled in Warshaw’s First-Year Seminar on the Bush Administration and was inspired to declare a major in political science with Warshaw as her academic advisor.

“I found the whole idea of the constitutionality of the Bush presidency fascinating. I liked the idea of having a classroom debate,” Beck said. “It made me realize that this is a school that values free speech as long as you have the facts to back it up.”

After starting the course, Beck was impressed with how Warshaw conducted the class, from challenging students’ ideas to encouraging them to speak up.

“I’ll admit I was a little intimidated taking that class, but once I realized how much hard work pays off, it was one of my most rewarding courses,” Beck said. “It forces you to think outside of the box and make connections outside of class, which is what Gettysburg is all about.”

According to Warshaw, it was Beck’s hard work in the classroom that first stood out to her.

“In every course that Taylor has taken with me, and in every situation that I have worked with her, she has been a dominant presence,” Warshaw said. “She is smart, hardworking, and always goes the extra mile. She is deeply engaged across campus and I know can easily multi-task at the highest level. When Keith sought a recommendation for an assistant at the annual Geospatial intelligence conference, Taylor was the first person I thought of.”  

Beck also applied to various programs offered by the Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College, of which Warshaw is heavily involved. She was accepted into the Inside Politics program with Bush speechwriter Kasey Pipes and the Strategy and Leadership in Transformational Times program with international security and U.S./Russian relations expert Susan Eisenhower.

Outside of her love of politics, Beck began to explore other academic and social interests. She declared a minor in history, became involved in Student Senate, joined Alpha Delta Pi, and was on the student committee engaged in issues of political discourse on campus.

“The entire Gettysburg experience melts together,” Beck explained. “It taught me that it’s okay to try different things and to take an interest outside of your major, to make connections to other courses and experiences.”

Identifying a career direction

With this as her foundation, Beck accepted a week-long position with Masback at the largest gathering of intelligence professionals in the country.

“I had breakfast with the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, chatted with the Former Director of National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Letitia Long, and worked a Facebook Live broadcast with CNN’s National Security Correspondent Jim Sciutto,” Beck recalled. “I was keeping Keith’s schedule for the week because he is a very in-demand guy at his own symposium, but he made sure to introduce me to everyone we were meeting with, as well. It was amazing.”

According to Masback, Beck was the right student for the job.

“She handled it well, with flexibility and a great sense of humor,” Masback said. “She is now the most well known Gettysburg College student in the U.S. intelligence community.”

As she heads into her senior year at Gettysburg, this experience has had a big impact on her future plans, too.

“I went into that symposium not knowing much about the intelligence field and left realized that I wanted to go into national security law. It really showed me how important this field is and how it is shaping U.S. national security in the future,” Beck said.

She is now studying for the LSAT and looking into law schools in Washington, D.C. At the same time, she is also reflecting on the impact alums can have and is looking forward to being able to help a student the way that Masback helped her.

“Keith’s ability to give back to the school is the epitome of what Gettysburg does best,” Beck said. “With alumni help, Gettysburg is creating future leaders who want to build up the next generation. It’s a really special thing to do, and I really can’t wait until I am in the position to help other Gettysburg students.”

Posted: Wed, 21 Sep 2016


Thu, 20 Oct 2016 12:47:35 EDT
Susan Eisenhower Honored in France http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c06239e0-96a6-4231-b715-8be8b07aea8a&pageTitle=Susan+Eisenhower+Honored+in+France http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=c06239e0-96a6-4231-b715-8be8b07aea8a&pageTitle=Susan+Eisenhower+Honored+in+France On June 5, 2016, Eisenhower Institute Chairman Emeritus Susan Eisenhower was presented the French Legion of Honor during a trip to Normandy for the 72nd Anniversary of D-Day. Established in 1802 by Napoleon, the Légion d'honneur is the highest French order for military and civil merits. Eisenhower was cited for her founding role as first president of the Eisenhower Institute and for her many years of work in the policy arena, especially in US-Russian relations. Eisenhower has also had many decades of interaction with her French counterparts on energy issues and during D-Day commemorations.

The Legion of Honor was presented at La Fiere Bridge, not far from the village of Sainte-Mère-Église. Ms. Eisenhower was joined by two additional recipients: General John Nicholson, commander of U.S. Forces in Afghanistan (and a former commander of the 82nd Airborne) and Ralph Ticcioni, a WWII paratrooper who was part of the 573rd Signal Air Warning Battalion assigned to the 82nd Airborne.  

For the last two years, Susan Eisenhower’s Strategy and Leadership in Transformational Times program has explored the concepts of leadership and strategy through the lens of the D-Day invasion. Eisenhower and SALTT student participants have made the trip to Normandy to see where the liberation of Europe began, after months of intensive planning. Throughout the years, students met with veterans, experts and local French villagers for many vivid accounts what happened on June 6, 1944.
Susan Eisenhower French Legion of Honor. Photo by Kristian NiemiClick here to view a quick video of Susan Eisenhower commenting on her award.
(Video courtesy of Kristian Niemi. Used with permission.)

To view additional photos, click here.

Mon, 15 Aug 2016 10:59:07 EDT
EIUF & EIFF awarded three projects from State Department’s Diplomacy Lab http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=628b5060-b976-4d9a-a1de-507853c40fd9&pageTitle=EIUF+%26+EIFF+awarded+three+projects+from+State+Department%E2%80%99s+Diplomacy+Lab http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=628b5060-b976-4d9a-a1de-507853c40fd9&pageTitle=EIUF+%26+EIFF+awarded+three+projects+from+State+Department%E2%80%99s+Diplomacy+Lab On behalf of Gettysburg College and The Eisenhower Institute, Harold G. Evans Chair of Eisenhower Leadership Studies Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw was recently awarded three student-research projects from the United States State Department’s Diplomacy Labs initiative. 

The Diplomacy Lab was established in 2013 by Secretary of State John Kerry and is a vehicle that aids the State Department in researching various public policy topics by partnering and utilizing assistance from students at top colleges and universities throughout the United States.  Faculty members apply to work on specific projects or topics and ultimately select their student researchers. While conducting their research and completing the goals of their assignment, students have the opportunity to discuss and receive input from officials working in the State Department. 

Gettysburg College is part of a group of eight new colleges and universities that will join Diplomacy Lab’s current list of 20 partner institutions. Out of the 28 partner institutions, Gettysburg is the sole private, four-year liberal arts college. To view a list of partner institutions, click here.

Sixteen Gettysburg seniors – The EisenhowerShirley Anne Warshaw Institute’s Undergraduate Fellows and the Fellows from the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study – will be tapped by Dr. Warshaw to complete the three projects.  Dr. Warshaw notes that she is particularly proud “because nearly all of the research proposals are for graduate students. It is very impressive that [Gettysburg] can compete and win.”

While this year’s group of Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows will be working on their topic of Refugee Policy, they will also work on two projects from the Diplomacy Lab.

Their first project, “Delivery of Health Care and Other Services in Mixed Migration Emergencies: Lessons from History for the Current Crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean Region,” ties directly to their study of Refugee Policy.  Undergraduate Fellows will look at how governments have kept health care records on refugees and how those records are transported across governments, especially for the very ill, including those with communicable diseases. Ultimately, governments must have proper records to prevent the spread of communicable disease among the refugee and host population. 

Their second project, “The Influence of Student Activism on Domestic and Foreign Policy,” will seek to help the State Department to understand how student activism influences governments and government policy. Recent examples of student activism occurred during the Iranian Revolution and hostage crisis (and later in 1999), in China at Tiananmen Square, and during the Arab Spring. EI’s Undergraduate Fellows will research for a common denominator in what leads to student unrest and pinpoint how it leads to anger and action.

The 2016-2017 Fielding Fellows will work on a project entitled “Tackling the Corruption Conundrum: Successful Strategies from a U.S. Foreign Policy Perspective. Their work and research on foreign corruption will tie into Fielding Fellow Will Essigs ’17 research from the 2015-2016 school year.  Their project calls for an analysis of anti-corruption efforts which highlight successful policies and lists pitfalls to avoid.

Congratulations to Dr. Warshaw and Gettysburg College and best of luck to our Undergraduate Fellows and Fielding Fellows as they begin their research!

To learn more about Diplomacy Lab, visit their website by clicking here

Thu, 11 Aug 2016 10:26:14 EDT
An Evening of Honor http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1b123d43-2df8-4f2d-9692-4ccecef4f288&pageTitle=An+Evening+of+Honor http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=1b123d43-2df8-4f2d-9692-4ccecef4f288&pageTitle=An+Evening+of+Honor By Giulia DiGuglielmo ‘18

On Wednesday, April 13, the Eisenhower Institute, in collaboration with Gettysburg College, Lockheed Martin, and the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation, celebrated the achievements of three Medal of Honor winners at the Army and Navy Club on Farragut Square in Washington, D.C. Moderated by Ronald T. Rand, the president and CEO of the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation, the three honored veterans shared stories about their experiences in service, importance of patriotism, and the values they developed from their careers in the military. Two of the veterans on the panel fought in the Vietnam War, and one, more recently, in Afghanistan.

After welcoming remarks from Gettysburg alumnus Richard H. Edward ’78, Executive Vice President of Lockheed Martin’s Missiles and Fire Control business area, Mr. Rand introduced the three heroes to the audience: Lt. Thomas G. Kelley served in the U.S. Navy during the Vietnam War, 1st Lt. Brian Miles Thatcher served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War, and SSgt. Clinton L. Romesha served in the U.S. Army during the War in Afghanistan.

All three decorated veterans shared the sentiment that they were honored to have risked their lives for the freedom of the American people and were eternally grateful for the strong bonds forged with their fellow soldiers. Furthermore, the panelists highlighted the importance of patriotism and service. They were in accord in saying that donning a uniform and fighting in a war isn’t the only way to serve the United States; service is imperative, but everyone can contribute in a different way. Lastly, the Medal of Honor recipients expressed what an honor it was to speak to groups, such as this, and especially to young school children and veterans, about their service.

A question and answer session was held following the official session and SSgt. Romesha provided some perspective that comes as a recipient when he noted, “These things aren’t given out when something’s going right. We got these things because something went wrong…a lot of stuff went wrong. And it’s a heavy weight sometimes.”

After the panel, a reception was held outside of the ballroom, and the Medal of Honor recipients signed copies of Medal of Honor: Portraits of Valor Beyond the Call of Duty, an anthology by author Peter Collier and photographer Nick Del Calzo containing stories of Medal of Honor recipients. Among the guests were Gettysburg alumni, current students, administrators, and staff.

Senior Frank Arbogast ’16 noted, “I am so grateful to be have been able to attend the Medal of Honor reception. As a student at Gettysburg College, I am often reminded of how young scholars attending this very same institution over 150 years ago left their personal ambitions, safety, and regular lives to fight for a cause they believed in in the Battle of Gettysburg. To be able to hear firsthand from the courageous Medal of Honor recipients granted me a new perspective on the complexities of making such a decision, particularly how the decision to serve one's country in combat has changed over time.”

Click here to view photos from the event.

Our thanks to Richard Edwards ’78 and Lockheed Martin, Ron Rand and the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation, and Lt. Thomas G. Kelley, 1st Lt. Brian Miles Thatcher, and SSgt. Clinton L. Romesha for joining us.  We appreciate your willingness to share these important stories.

Wed, 10 Aug 2016 11:03:09 EDT
EI's Participants Involved on Campus http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=41aa0e0e-f672-4db7-94c1-236d72bfb940&pageTitle=EI%27s+Participants+Involved+on+Campus http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=41aa0e0e-f672-4db7-94c1-236d72bfb940&pageTitle=EI%27s+Participants+Involved+on+Campus (Editors Note: This article on Elizabeth Miller '19 was originally featured on the homepage of the Gettysburg College website. Liz is a Fall 2015 participant in our Inside Politics program and works at EI as an Office Assistant.)

Reaching Your Personal Mountaintops through Ascent

“When I think of Gettysburg, I think of all of the connections I’ve been able to make over the past year,” said Elizabeth Miller ’19.

Specifically, she mentions the friendships she made during her five-day pre-Orientation Ascent trip less than a year ago and the connections she felt compelled to make as a result. At the same time, building those relationships was one of the aspects of college life that she was most wary of as an incoming student.

“When you first come in to college, you are worried about finding friends, getting involved, and feeling comfortable on campus,” Miller recalled. “Signing up for Ascent has definitely played a huge factor in my ability to make connections with many different people across campus who I may not have met otherwise. It set up a strong foundation for me to build on over the next four years.”

Ascent is the pre-Orientation leadership initiative coordinated by the Office of Experiential Education. Facilitated by student leaders from the Gettysburg Recreational Adventure Board (GRAB), the Center for PublicLiz Miller Service (CPS), and the Garthwait Leadership Center (GLC), these programs integrate wilderness education, leadership, and service initiatives to provide a unique introduction to life at Gettysburg.

Miller became interested in the program after hearing members of GRAB discuss it during a Get Acquainted Day event. The emphasis on experiential education with an adventure component appealed to her, and she signed up for a backpacking trip in the Shenandoah Valley right away—despite her lack of backpacking experience.

She found the adjustment easy enough, though, thanks to a quick training session before her group embarked for the Shenandoah Valley, and help from other incoming students and GRAB student facilitators.

“It was hard, but it ended up paying off in a big way,” Miller said. “The most challenging day of the trip was also my favorite. We climbed a mountain that was so steep, at one point, there wasn’t even a trail—just rocks and boulders.”

The climb took place less than a day into the trip, with Miller and the other students working together in order to make it to the top.

“When we finally got to the top, we were more of a team than we were the day before,” Miller stated. “We were all sore and tired and thirsty, but when you have to rely on these people you didn’t know 24 hours ago in order to hike up a mountain, you feel like you’ve really accomplished something together.”

Miller has continued to build on this experience and the connections she gained from it by pursuing other formative opportunities across campus, including becoming a GRAB student facilitator and participating in the Gettysburg College Leadership Certificate Program. In fact, after a year of developing, reflecting, and refining her leadership style, Miller was invited to participate in the program’s public showcase, where she discussed the leadership lessons she’s learned from her GRAB trips.

“Through all of these programs, I realized that leadership—no matter what role or program you are in—is about surrounding yourself with people who encourage you to be your best.”
According to Tucker Little ’13, Director of the Office of Experiential Education, building this type of supportive, motivated networks is one of the natural outcomes of Ascent.

“These trips aren’t just about backpacking or service or leadership,” Little explained. “Ascent is about making connections, challenging expectations, and setting college off on the right foot. If you start your first year with a strong network of people who push you to succeed and support you when you struggle, you’re going to continue to excel long after Ascent has concluded.”

One of the ways Ascent does this is by balancing high-impact wilderness, service, or leadership experiences with hands-on learning, reflection, and an essay series to create connections that extend well beyond the trip.

For Miller, building on the lessons she learned through Ascent means starting a position with the Residence Life student staff as a Resident Assistant and expanding her involvement across campus.

“I hope to continue to maximize my Gettysburg experience,” Miller stated. “It has so much to offer, and I hope that each year continues to bring the same kind of challenges and rewards that I have been able to enjoy as a first-year.”

Fri, 12 Aug 2016 11:23:04 EDT
2016-2017 Roberts Fellowships Awarded http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=f77dc41c-fe7a-4a91-aa1d-465d7b6419c6&pageTitle=2016-2017+Roberts+Fellowships+Awarded http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=f77dc41c-fe7a-4a91-aa1d-465d7b6419c6&pageTitle=2016-2017+Roberts+Fellowships+Awarded The Eisenhower Institute has awarded its 2016-2017 Eisenhower/Roberts Graduate Fellowships to doctoral candidates Taylor H. Desloge (Washington University in St. Louis), Guy E. Mount (University of Chicago), and Samuel H. Plapinger (University of Virginia). 

The Eisenhower/Roberts Graduate Fellowships are awarded each year to advanced doctoral candidates in fields dealing with the role of government in a free society, citizen public service, public policy, and an improved understanding of America's role in world affairs. The Institute desires to encourage and assist promising individuals to pursue studies and research in fields such as history, government, economics, business administration, and international affairs, so they may provide informed leadership in the conduct of our national life.


Taylor Desloge

Taylor H. Desloge is a doctoral candidate in History and a Lynne Cooper Harvey Fellow in American Culture Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. He studies modern American urban history, with an emphasis on race, property relations, and urban reform movements in the early 20th-century American city. His dissertation examines the problem of tuberculosis in early 20th century St. Louis, focusing on how diverse groups within the city responded to and interpreted the prevalence of the disease among black St. Louisans, often linking it to wider local and national debates over race, health, poverty, property and the future of the city. Critically, he roots these debates within the political economy of the city, particularly its developing real estate market, and draws attention to the vital ways in which understandings of and responses to disease have historically intersected with the evolution of racial and class segregation in housing.

Taylor is a St. Louis native and a 2011 graduate of Princeton University with a B.A. in History and a certificate in Urban Studies. He intends to pursue an academic career and produce research that will properly historicize and interrogate the ideas, policies and people that have worked to imprint segregation—and its enduring impact on health—into the American urban landscape.


Guy Mount

Guy Emerson Mount is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Chicago. His forthcoming dissertation examines black colonization to Hawai'i and the Philippines. Combining political, intellectual, and culture history this project will follow African Americans and Afro-Caribbeans in their migrations to the Pacific while examining the various levels of state support explored by the U.S. government to encourage such colonization on an even larger scale between 1880 and 1914. He is interested primarily in the end of American slavery and what his advisor Thomas Holt has called “The Problem of Freedom” in a postemancipation era of global capitalism and expanding American influence. In a recent article published as part of an edited volume by Palgrave MacMillian, Mr. Mount continued this theme of black internationalism by chronicling W.E.B. Du Bois’s encounters with Eastern spirituality and racial theology. He is currently under contract with Northwestern University Press for another article, on the postemancipation formation of ‘the black family’ through the 1884 interracial marriage of Frederick Douglass and Helen Pitts. Mr. Mount is also a regular essayist for the African American Intellectual History Society. His academic awards include the Chancellor’s Doctoral Incentive Award given by California State University, the John Hope Franklin Award at the University of Chicago, and the Bessie Pierce Prize Preceptorship. His work has also received funding from the National Science Foundation and the Center for the Study of Race, Politics, and Culture at the University of Chicago. He has recently been a fellow at the Ateneo Center for Asian Studies at Ateneo de Manila University in the Philippines where he conducted archival research. He is currently in the process of finalizing his dissertation with the support of a fellowship from the Mellon Foundation.  

Guy received a BA from the University of California at San Diego and an MA from San Diego State University, both in History. Guy intends to pursue a tenure track position at a major American research university to continue to integrate African American and Southeast Asian history with one another as well as with the larger America in the World historiography. He also aims to serve as a resource for American diplomats, government officials, and others. 


Sam Plapinger

Samuel Henry Plapinger is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics at the University of Virginia. His primary research interests concern civil wars, with a particular focus on armed group behavior and the conduct of conflict. He also has secondary interests in political development and the etiology and survival of political regimes. His dissertation investigates the critically important yet under-studied topic of insurgent effectiveness, asking what makes particular insurgent groups more effective than others during civil war.

In 2012, Sam graduated with honors from Wesleyan University with a B.A. in Government and Economics. He received an M.A. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia in 2014. Sam intends to pursue a career in academia engaging in research and teaching on topics pertaining to civil wars, security studies, and Middle East politics.


Grounded in President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s legacy of leadership, The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College promotes nonpartisan discourse and critical analysis of issues of long-term importance through competitive fellowships, access to renowned experts, and symposia.

The Institute prepares undergraduates to assume their responsibility as global citizens in public, private, and nonprofit sectors—students learn how to lead with integrity, build capital to garner influence, and translate knowledge into action.


Tue, 28 Jun 2016 12:25:50 EDT
Zombies, Jefferson, and the Environment http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=e4e4e085-bc89-4c5b-b54c-27cbd7df4398&pageTitle=Zombies%2C+Jefferson%2C+and+the+Environment http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=e4e4e085-bc89-4c5b-b54c-27cbd7df4398&pageTitle=Zombies%2C+Jefferson%2C+and+the+Environment During the spring 2016 semester, The Eisenhower Institute’s Seiden-Levi Fellow and Environmental Leadership expert Dr. Howard Ernst presented “Zombies, Jefferson, and the Environment” at an event hosted by TEDxGettysburg College.  

From "Frankenstein" to "The Walking Dead," America is obsessed with zombies. Professor Howard Ernst argues that the zombies we should be most concerned with are the political "zombies" left by the policies of past generations. Drawing inspiration from Thomas Jefferson's "Life is for the Living" letter, Ernst presents a case for challenging outdated environmental policies that afflict our world and creating new ones designed to avoid haunting our descendants from beyond the grave.

Howard R. Ernst serves as a professor of political science at the United States Naval Academy and as Senior Scholar at University of Virginia’s Center for Politics. Dr. Ernst’s research and teaching areas include environmental policy, energy policy, environmental thought, and American government. He has published six books and numerous articles. He is currently researching the determinants of environmental behavior and energy conservation, the radical environmental movement in the United States, and public opinion regarding sea-level rise. His work has been highlighted in the Washington Post, National Public Radio, C-SPAN, and Voice of America. Ernst’s work has resulted in invitations to testify before Congress and to guest lecture at numerous institutions.

Dr. Ernst’s presentation was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format, but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx and visit TEDxGettysburgCollege at http://www.gettysburg.edu/tedx/.

Wed, 22 Jun 2016 05:00:49 EDT
Students ask: Would this make you drive differently? http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b58bad11-be57-4217-a87c-2b55402f6b66&pageTitle=Students+ask%3A+Would+this+make+you+drive+differently%3F http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b58bad11-be57-4217-a87c-2b55402f6b66&pageTitle=Students+ask%3A+Would+this+make+you+drive+differently%3F Picture this: you’re late for work and stuck in morning rush hour. There’s a break in the traffic, so you step on the gas before slamming the brakes when movement completely stops. You idle for what feels like 10 solid minutes while sipping a cup of coffee and wishing you’d left your house earlier.

Now, imagine you knew every brake and step on the gas was being monitored by computer software. Would you drive any differently?

Maybe, a group of Gettysburg students say.

As part of an energy challenge posed and funded by trustees emeriti MacGregor, “Mac,” ’68 and Kathy ’70 Jones, students were tasked with pinpointing the behaviors of environmentally friendly driving as well as providing recommendations to the College for reducing fuel costs, lowering the College’s transportation-related carbon dioxide emissions, and improving driving safety. The students who participated in the challenge were part of the public policy capstone course, taught this year by Prof. Howard Ernst, The Eisenhower Institute’s Seiden-Levi Fellow of Public Policy as well as its Environmental Leadership expert.

“I’m impressed with this different approach,” said Mac Jones, reflecting on the students’ findings, which they presented at a symposium called The Holuba Forum, named after Stanley J. Holuba ’68, an alumnus who was passionate about environmental conservation.

Public Policy Seminar

Mac and his wife, Kathy, have their own personal connection to and interest in the topic, having owned Mac Jones Ford and Mac Jones Chevrolet. “I was looking at the performance of the fuel and the mechanics of a vehicle and you’re looking at the behavior of the driver. Thank you for a whole new perspective on this,” Mac told students.

Transportation studies have shown that when drivers avoid rapid acceleration, braking, and speeding and practice other environmental friendly driving practices, they can reduce their fuel consumption by 10-20 percent. In the past, data had been self-reported or collected from simulations, making it unreliable. But with new technology, it’s becoming easier to test the environmental efficiency of different driving practices.

In this case, students used data collected from On Board Dash (OBD) devices installed in the Gettysburg College vehicle fleet. The devices were left in the vehicles for one month, recording information from more than 800 individual trips made by College drivers, students, and staff. One group—a control group—was unaware the devices had been installed while another—the treatment group—was informed that their driving was being observed.

“I was really interested in looking at the effect of gender on eco-driving, especially speeding,” said one student researcher, Sarah Roessler ’16. “What I found was pretty much the opposite. Females sped more than males. But females who knew they were being watched drove differently whereas males did not change their behavior even when they knew they were being watched.”

Roessler said the findings show that something as simple as telling women they are being watched can make them drive more safely—and environmentally efficient.

Other students asked different research questions, but all of the projects focused on eco-driving. Student recommendations to the College included implementing incentives for drivers to reduce their speed and idling times, buying fleet vehicles that were shown to facilitate safer driving, and creating educational programs.

Maggie Baldwin, the assistant director of service and communication for facilities at the College, said the recommendations help the College continue to look for ways to provide economically and environmentally sustainable transportation services to the campus community.

“We are very excited to incorporate these results into our planning processes,” she said.  “The vast range of recommendations allows for the opportunity to work on both short- and long-term goals to create more eco-driving practices in the services we provide.  We are grateful for the opportunity to have partnered with Prof. Ernst and these students on this valuable project.”

Ernst said, “These projects were the culmination of a semester, and it’s exciting to see the students bring all these pieces together and present their findings succinctly and accurately.”

In addition to teaching classes at Gettysburg College, Ernst is a political science professor at the United States Naval Academy and an expert on environmental policy and natural resource management. His ongoing research includes the environmental movement in the United States and the influence of negative elite cues on public opinion regarding environmental issues.

A few of Ernst’s public policy students also participated in The Eisenhower Institute’s environmental leadership program, which he also leads. The group went on several learning trips to places like Irvine, CA, to visit the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon and Washington, DC, to attend the U.S. Green Building Council’s International Green Building Conference. Students even presented their research at the Pennsylvania Power Dialog in Harrisburg, PA.

“The program melds academic rigor with leadership experiences, and to accomplish that we do a series of student-led studies,” said Ernst. “The beauty of the program is we give students the leeway to succeed and sometimes even fail. What people didn’t see [from the students’ presentations] is where we stumbled and challenged each other, which is where most of the leadership growth happened. Through both programs we give these students opportunities to lead and succeed—and learn when they fall short.”

Tue, 21 Jun 2016 09:58:30 EDT
Student Spotlight: Will Essigs '17 http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=4b70c1dd-8009-4c54-9832-98c9de8eca59&pageTitle=Student+Spotlight%3A+Will+Essigs+%2717 http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=4b70c1dd-8009-4c54-9832-98c9de8eca59&pageTitle=Student+Spotlight%3A+Will+Essigs+%2717 The “aha moments” when everything seems to fall into place—Will Essigs ’17 has had his share of them over the past few years at Gettysburg.

He’s made academic connections—he studied abroad in Florence, Italy, and visited the sites of pivotal historical moments he first learned about in class and textbooks.

He also felt the world get smaller—while in Italy, he had the opportunity to travel to several countries and speak with people from all over the world.

Perhaps most important, he built a network that helped connect him to experiences that shaped his academic and career path. An internship at the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association in Washington, D.C., convinced him to not only major in Political Science, but also minor in Business after learning the two are inextricably linked.

And his involvement in Greek Life (he’s a Phi Gamma Delta fraternity brother) and the Eisenhower Institute (he’s a Fielding Fellow) set him up with practical experiences where he was able to make more academic connections and people connections.

Behind the scenes look:  During the interview, Essigs shared how he became involved with The Eisenhower Institute through his first-year advisor Prof. Shirley Anne Warshaw. 



But back to the “aha moments…”

While in Italy, Essigs had the unique opportunity to conduct research through a Mellon grant.

“It complemented my political sciences courses perfectly,” he said. “What I learned went beyond the book.”

Working with an Italian professor who was also a former Vice President and General Counsel for GE Oil & Gas at General Electric (based in Florence), he learned about The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and met in person with the executives of companies he was researching. This experience solidified much of what he learned from his summer internship experience at the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association—that government and politics are intertwined with business. For Essigs, who hopes to one day find a career in the financial services industry, this realization was an important one.

While in Florence, Essigs also took the opportunity to travel to other countries. He had previously taken a course on nationalism and ethnic conflict with Political Science Prof. Yasemin Akbaba and was interested in how the Turkish government handled conflict with the Kurds. So he decided to spend his fall break in Istanbul. There, just as he had learned about the interconnected nature of business and politics, he would come to observe how globalization has impacted the world.

“Talking to different people, I was interested in learning about their political views—what they thought of the world, their pressing concerns,” Essigs said. “Hearing how much the people in Turkey knew about U.S. government, U.S, politics, and current events, I started to understand that the role the U.S. has played in the world is major, but also that we need to think about things from a global perspective because everything is interconnected. There is no one action, one consequence. There will always be implications for our actions that precede a decision.”

After Istanbul, Essigs continued traveling through places like Paris and Copenhagen, just to name a few. At each stop, more pieces fell into place as he learned something new about the way policy has global effects.

“The week after Paris I landed in Denmark and took the train to the station in downtown Copenhagen and there were Syrian immigrants applying for asylum,” he said. “That’s when I realized that during the journey I had taken by plane over the past two weeks, these people walked. That’s incredible and takes a lot of courage. Even in the stark differences that exist in terms of technology and financial capability, the world is still interconnected, and policy has an effect on the way our society functions as a whole.”

In addition to making intellectual connections, Essigs has also made personal connections through Gettysburg. This summer he will work at McLagan, a consulting and benchmarking firm for the financial services industry. He initially connected with the firm through several Phi Delta Gamma alumni who were there, and they helped guide him through the application process.

Essigs will graduate in 2017, but not before taking one last finance course with one of his favorite professors, lecturer Drew Evan Murphy.

“He’s really made me think about how to use my time at Gettysburg to the fullest,” said Essigs. “He’s been instrumental in changing the course of my college career and helping to propel me into the financial services industry.”

Falling into place… abroad

Contact: Carina Sitkus, senior assistant director of communications, 717.337.6803

Posted: Tue, 24 May 2016

Wed, 26 Oct 2016 03:36:12 EDT
The Angry Electorate http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=acc0ae1c-dc82-4cd8-b9b5-eca85fe79e4b&pageTitle=The+Angry+Electorate http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=acc0ae1c-dc82-4cd8-b9b5-eca85fe79e4b&pageTitle=The+Angry+Electorate Last spring, Gettysburg College and the Eisenhower Institute welcomed RealClearPolitics Washington Bureau Chief, Carl Cannon to campus for the 39th Annual Scharf Lecture. His remarks entitled “The Angry Electorate” delved into many of the issues on the forefront of this election cycle.

Cannon, a seasoned author and White House correspondent decorated with some of the most prestigious awards in the field of journalism including the Gerald R. Ford Journalism Prize for Distinguished Reporting, provided some insider insights into the 2016 primary election, and how it is unlike any election year in American history.

Cannon discussed how Donald Trump's candidacy, built playing off the insecurities of the electorate, enabled him to rise so rapidly in the polls. He also tackled the possibility of a contested Republican convention, and noted that while it would give the Republican Party the greatest chance at capturing the White House in 2016, it was unlikely that the Republican National Committee would completely disregard the 20 states and nearly 850 delegates that Mr. Trump has already won to date.

Cannon’s perspective as a seasoned White House journalist offered the audience an insider’s view into the politics behind not only the Republican machine, but also the legacy of the Clinton campaign and the rise of Bernie Sanders. Cannon compared the novelty of both Trump and Sanders and how they have managed to captivate portions of the electorate the typically have extremely low turnout rates. These candidates are all in their own ways anomalies, and according to Cannon, this election is impossible to predict unlike any the elections he had seen during his time in the White House Press Office.

To many of the undergraduate students, professors, Gettysburg College staff, and others in the audience, there was a resounding interest in the Cannon’s analysis of this unpredictable and fast moving election cycle. According to undergraduate student Giulia DiGuglielmo '18, “Hearing from Carl Cannon was a fantastic opportunity. He provided intriguing insight into not only this upcoming election, but also analysis of how each candidate has made their mark on the stage in 2016”.

Mr. Cannon’s commentary on the 2016 election cycle provided the audience with a unique perspective on candidates and their political tactics from a true Washington D.C. political and journalistic veteran. Like many of the dignified Scharf Lecturers before him, Mr. Cannon provided his audience and the Gettysburg College community with many insights into the future of American politics.

Click here to view photos from the 2016 Scharf Lecture.

Article written by Claire Quinn ‘18, a political science and public policy double major and a spring 2016 participant in The Eisenhower Institute’s Inside Politics program.

Fri, 14 Oct 2016 12:23:42 EDT
Four years, 1361 days, millions of moments http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=44e44667-2f65-44f7-a2c3-fcd649765b4b&pageTitle=Four+years%2C+1361+days%2C+millions+of+moments http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=44e44667-2f65-44f7-a2c3-fcd649765b4b&pageTitle=Four+years%2C+1361+days%2C+millions+of+moments Editor’s Note: Ashley Fernandez ’16 is a current participant in EI’s Inside the Middle East program.

Four years, 1361 days, millions of moments

Ashley Fernandez ’16 reflects on her Gettysburg journey

“What Gettysburg has taught me to do is live in the moment and experience all that is around—even when there are mishaps. I’ve learned to soak it all in, take a challenge head on, not back down, and act immediately,” said Ashley Fernandez ’16.

With graduation only a few weeks away, many seniors are being asked to reflect about their time at Gettysburg. Students look back at the past four years desperately trying to understand how their first year became their second, then their third, and finally their last.

It’s impossible to remember all of the late-night conversations with your roommates, the hours spent in the library during finals weeks, the Springfest concerts, or even the dozens of chocolate chip Servo cookies. But what students are left with are specific moments, moments filled with memories—the familiar sights, sounds, and smells of Gettysburg College—that transcend the residence halls and classrooms.

For Ashley Fernandez ’16, her Gettysburg story is best told as a collection of remarkable moments that together make up her undergraduate experience.

Ashley Fernandez '16A Political Science and Public Policy double major, Fernandez has certainly made the most of her four years at Gettysburg. She has been involved with the Black Student Union, the Latin American Student Association, Gettysburg African Student Association, the Eisenhower Institute, and the Admissions Office. But when asked to reflect on her Gettysburg experience, Fernandez first remembers the people and the moments that changed her life.

Fernandez was in the midst of a two-week college tour when she first visited Gettysburg. With so many college visits in so little time, Fernandez found it difficult to distinguish one impressive school from another. But there was something special about Gettysburg, something that set it apart from other campuses she explored.

“Gettysburg College stood out to me because of my tour guide. He talked about the different types of diversity on campus and how it impacted his experience at Gettysburg,” said Fernandez. “He talked about his time in an authentic, genuine manner, and I really appreciated this transparency. That tour made my college decision easy.”

Thankful for the gift this tour guide gave her, Fernandez decided to pay it forward. She now works as the multi-cultural coordinator with the Admissions Office, overseeing all of the overnight visits for students from different backgrounds.

After moving all of her things into her new room in Stine Hall, Fernandez embarked on her Gettysburg journey. Her first year was—like it is for many—an exciting time. New faces, new classrooms, a new home. So much change is enough to intimidate any student, but Fernandez credits her First-Year seminar course with giving her the confidence she needed to succeed at Gettysburg.

“I took The Bush Administration: Approach to the War on Terror, Torture, and Prisoners of War with Prof. Warshaw during my first semester. It is by far one of the most exciting classes I have ever taken,” she said. “We spent a lot of time looking at different institutions and identifying problems, and this ultimately helped spark my interest in the Political Science major.”

The rest of her first year was spent making new friends, getting involved on campus, and exploring the different academic departments at Gettysburg. What was once a strange, unfamiliar campus became a home that Fernandez began to love.

She specifically remembers Get Acquainted Day and talking to prospective students about the Gettysburg College community. Fernandez was almost done with her first year and was excited to share what she’d learned.

“I was able to articulate why I chose Gettysburg, why I loved it, why it was the right school for me, and why it can be the right school for them, too,” she said. “I could understand their nervousness but I could also tell them that everything was going to be okay. In fact, if they chose Gettysburg, it was going to be a really fun ride.”

Fernandez’s Gettysburg ride took a whole new turn during the spring of her junior year when she decided to spend a semester abroad in Morocco. Leaving behind everything and everyone she had come to know and love at Gettysburg, Fernandez embarked on a whole new journey—one that came with its own set of challenges and rewards.

“My host family encouraged me to take advantage of all the different places, food, and opportunities. We spoke no English in the house because they wanted me to learn the language so badly. I found that their enthusiasm helped me. I had to learn to be comfortable with embarrassing myself.”

And while challenging at times, Fernandez was thankful for her Gettysburg education—an education that helped her navigate the difficult situations she faced abroad.

“Gettysburg taught to me trust my instincts, and this was so important in Morocco. The lack of familiarity was the hardest part—if something was going on and there were no instructions being given, I didn’t always know what to do. I had to trust what I knew.”

Ashley Fernandez '16Upon her return to Gettysburg in the fall, Fernandez began to identify ways in which the Gettysburg community could grow. Together with the Black Student Union and the Latin American Student’s Association, Fernandez organized a Town Hall meeting to discuss issues of diversity and the racial climate at Gettysburg. Adhering to her initial goal of improving the College community, Fernandez and her peers set out to start an open and honest dialogue about inclusion on our campus.

“We have a community that’s willing to listen—listen and reflect critically about different aspects that make up our campus,” said Fernandez. “Being able to talk about it in such a free and open space was really empowering.”

Thousands of members from the Gettysburg community attended the meeting and many more watched the live stream coverage from across campus.

“We were very intentional with how we structured this meeting—from the language we used to the issues we covered,” she said. “We wanted to make sure we capitalized on this moment so students of all backgrounds can feel like they can be proud of their Gettysburg community.”

It is this community of friends, faculty, and mentors that Fernandez will miss most after graduation this May.

“Our community, for such a small place, our community is amazing,” said Fernandez. “Gettysburg College has a spirit about it, and it’s contagious. It makes you want to be a better person. It makes you want to keep exploring and experiencing new adventures.”

Ashley Fernandez '16And that is exactly what Fernandez plans to do. After graduation she is traveling to Israel as part of the Inside Middle East Program with the Eisenhower Institute. When she returns, Fernandez will start her job as a recruiting consultant with the global recruiting firm, SThree. Fernandez will work in their financial branch, Huxley Associates.

To learn more about Fernandez’s Gettysburg experience, watch her speech from the Gettysburg Great Campaign Event in New York City:

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:11:22 EDT
Inside the Middle East Expert Avi Melamed Releases New Book http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=2ca94762-74db-484a-a99a-612f2167ac78&pageTitle=Inside+the+Middle+East+Expert+Avi+Melamed+Releases+New+Book http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=2ca94762-74db-484a-a99a-612f2167ac78&pageTitle=Inside+the+Middle+East+Expert+Avi+Melamed+Releases+New+Book Avi Melamed is the Fellow of Intelligence and Middle East Affairs at the Eisenhower Institute. 

A former Israeli Intelligence Official and Senior Official on Arab Affairs, Avi spearheads the Inside the Middle East program to ensure that the next generation in positions of influence will be more knowledgeable about Israel and the Middle East and will apply methods of critical thinking regarding Middle East Affairs. 

In his upcoming book, Inside the Middle East: Making Sense of the Most Dangerous and Complicated Place on Earth, Avi explores and simplifies the complex history and dynamics of this volatile region and provides analysis, insights, and predictions for its future.

The following synopsis is shared on his blog:

Acclaimed Israeli intelligence analyst Avi Melamed has spent more than thirty years interpreting Middle East affairs. His long-awaited Inside the Middle East challenges widely-accepted perceptions and provides a gripping and uniquely enlightening guide to make sense of the events unfolding in the region. How did the Arab world get to this point, what is currently happening, what will the ramifications be, what actions must immediately be undertaken – and what can you do? 

Melamed considers all the major power players within the Middle East, explains the underlying issues, and creates a three dimensional picture of the complex tapestry of the Middle East, an illustration which connects the dots and provides a fascinating roadmap revealing what you need to know to predict the future of the most complicated region on earth.

Inside The Middle East

He elucidates the dramatic events and developments in the Middle East such as the story behind the Arab spring, the downfall of the Muslim Brotherhood, the rise of ISIS, the epic Sunni-Shi’ite animosity, the essence of the war in Syria, the role of the Caliphate and Jihad, the consequences of the Iranian nuclear project and the looming Middle East nuclear arms race – and he shares the untold story of the battles and struggles that will shape the face of the Middle East – and the world – for decades to come. 

Avi has been immersed in the Arab world for decades and has a rare understanding of the region. Through Inside the Middle East you have the extraordinary opportunity to take an unappalled journey deep into the mind and psyche of Arab society. Look at reality through the lens of political and thought leaders as well as the most ruthless terrorists. Enter the head, hearts and minds terror groups like Al-Qaeda, Hamas, Hezbollah, ISIS, Islamic Jihad – how they see the world, what makes them tick, what they want, how Western countries need to respond, and how and why Israel must stand its ground.

Melamed also shares his predictions of what’s to come, because, amazingly, he has a history of being spot-on. With his lifetime of on-the-ground experience in Arab communities throughout the Middle East he has a rare awareness that citizens of the world need to understand – the significance of unfolding events, what you haven’t been told, what’s going on behind the scenes, how the west’s perception of the Middle East developed – why it is often inaccurate, what is the risk of the misguided understanding, what’s the secret to fixing it, what can you do to decode the region, what to demand of your politicians, whom to support and whom to decry.

The conflicts in the Middle East grow more dangerous and more confusing every day and they won’t simply go away. This unique and comprehensive volume will challenge your perceptions, shake you to the core, force you to re-valuate your outlook, make you question what you really know, and give you tips to navigate the future.

This is a long-awaited insider view from one of the world’s best interpreters of the Middle East. Inside the Middle East is a new outlook, a milestone in our understanding of the region, an eye-opening read – one of the most significant books of our lifetime which will impact the discourse regarding the Middle East.

You can read reviews and order your own copy of Inside the Middle East on Amazon.

Congratulations, Avi! Thank you for all that you and Maia do for The Eisenhower Institute at Gettysburg College!

Thu, 23 Jun 2016 04:05:41 EDT
Fielding Fellows visit the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=8083bef1-8df7-4166-9f3f-1e077c0d7384&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+visit+the+George+W.+Bush+Presidential+Library+and+Museum http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=8083bef1-8df7-4166-9f3f-1e077c0d7384&pageTitle=Fielding+Fellows+visit+the+George+W.+Bush+Presidential+Library+and+Museum On April 1st, 2016, the Fellows from the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study visited the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum at Southern Methodist University. The Fellows were accompanied by Mr. Fred F. Fielding ’61, who served on the 9/11 Commission and as White House Counsel to George W. Bush during the last two years his Administration. Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Presidential Leadership Studies, Kasey Pipes, Norris Fellow of Public Policy, and Jeffrey Blavatt ‘88, Executive Director of the Eisenhower Institute, also joined the group in Dallas.

The Fielding Fellows reviewed White House documents, met with former administration staffers, and toured the museum at the library. Last fall, the Fellows visited the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, but this trip had the added value of Mr. Fielding’s first-hand White House experience. Jackie Beckwith ’16 stated, “As undergraduate students it is remarkable to have a mentor who is a literal representation of living history and I know we all are looking forward to doing more research at other presidential libraries after our trip to Dallas."

Kennedy Space Station

After reviewing primary documents inside of the library’s secure National Archives facility, the Fellows discussed the materials they had studied with Mr. Fielding and Dr. Shirley Anne Warshaw. Included in the debrief was a discussion of the process by which President Bush made appointments to the Supreme Court. Fellow Rachel Haskins ‘17 reflected, “Learning more about President Bush’s Supreme Court nominations was particularly exciting considering the current vacancy on the Supreme Court.”

The Fellows had the opportunity to meet with Alan C. Lowe, the Director of the George W. Bush Presidential Library. Drawing from more than a decade of experience, Mr. Lowe explained the inner workings of the National Archives Presidential Libraries System.  The meeting with Mr. Lowe included a conversation inside of the reconstructed “White House Situation Room” which Mr. Fielding frequented during his tenure in the White House. Speaking about the Situation Room meeting, Beckwith explained, “We all looked to Mr. Fielding as he broadly detailed a few of the decisions he and President Bush actually discussed in the real Situation Room. Safe to say it was quite a surreal - but exciting - experience." 

In keeping with the Fielding Center’s mission to educate Fellows on the value of public service, Kevin Sullivan, former Assistant to the President for Communications, took time to speak with to the group. Mr. Sullivan chronicled his journey from a career in the private sector, including Senior Vice-President for Corp. Communication & Media Relations at NBC Universal, to the Bush Administration. Mr. Sullivan explained how he had come to appreciate the value of Public Service and answered career-related questions for the Fellows.

Kennedy Space Station

The Fellows also had a lunch meeting with Tobi Young, General Counsel for the George W. Bush Presidential Center and President Bush’s designated Presidential Records Act representative. Before moving to Texas in 2009 to work for the Bush Foundation, Young served as special assistant to the President and associate counsel in the Office of the White House Counsel. Ms. Young discussed working under Mr. Fielding at the White House and remarked upon the similarities between herself and the Fielding Fellows – that she, too, had been mentored by Mr. Fielding and how appreciative she was for that opportunity.

The Fielding Fellows appreciated the hospitality and warm welcome provided by the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum, its staff, and Southern Methodist University.  We are most appreciative of Mr. Fielding and his continued mentorship and commitment to the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study.


Article written by Will Essigs ’17, a political science major and a Fellow at the Fielding Center for Presidential Leadership Study.

Sun, 24 Apr 2016 10:19:09 EDT
Undergraduate Fellows Are Go for Launch http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9c078eb2-cb76-4e6d-a4d8-2d0326afb96d&pageTitle=Undergraduate+Fellows+Are+Go+for+Launch http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=9c078eb2-cb76-4e6d-a4d8-2d0326afb96d&pageTitle=Undergraduate+Fellows+Are+Go+for+Launch EI Undergraduate Fellows study energy and space policy during visit to Kennedy Space Center


The Eisenhower Institute Undergraduate Fellows and Professor Shirley Anne Warshaw, Harold G. Evans Chair of Leadership Studies, traveled to Cape Canaveral, Florida from Monday, March 21 to Wednesday, March 23 to visit the Kennedy Space Center to connect their study of energy policy to the amount and types of energy resources that are required to launch spacecraft. Their visit included a tour of NASA facilities and to witness a launch to the International Space Station (ISS).

Kennedy Space Station

The first day in Florida, the fellows had the opportunity to visit the launch pad where the United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 rocket would launch Orbital ATK’s Cyngnus spacecraft 36 hours later. The unmanned spacecraft contained supplies for the ISS and is part of the commercial resupply services contract. This mission, OA-6, is the fifth mission out of 10 that Orbital will conduct as part of that contract.


That night, the Fellows attended Orbital ATK and United Launch Alliance’s pre-launch reception. At the dinner, the fellows met with Associate Administrator for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs (and Gettysburg College alumnus) Seth Statler ‘83. Statler previously helped coordinate Eisenhower Institute programming when the Undergraduate Fellows focused on U.S. space policy in 2013. Undergraduate Fellow Sarah Roessler ‘16 stated, “We are incredibly thankful for the time and energy Seth put into this trip. It speaks volumes about the impact that one alumnus can have on current students.”

On Tuesday, March 22, the Fellows toured the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and the Space Station Processing Facility. The last stop of the tour was the Kennedy Space Center where the Fellows had the opportunity to participate in a space shuttle launch simulator.  Undergraduate Fellow Eric Miller ’16 shared, “General Bolden reminded us that this was just a simulation, but to me it felt like so much more than that. I had always wanted to be an astronaut as a kid, and the simulation was the next best thing.” He continued, “I closed my eyes and waited for the moment when I would embark from earth and as the countdown struck zero, the simulator began to shake us uncontrollably, simulating the increased number of G's we faced as we blasted off into the night sky. My cheeks were pulled upward by the force and I realized that I couldn't stop smiling. I looked to the left and all the Fellows were also smiling. As this upright shaking phenomenon continued for a whole minute, the simulator gradually began slowly to tilt us more horizontal. Over the simulator intercom, I heard General Bolden say, ‘we are now leaving the Earth’s atmosphere.’  At this moment, we were tilted forward, our legs dangling weightlessly, simulating a zero gravity experience.”


Directly before the launch, the Fellows met with Robert D. Cabana, a former astronaut and the current Director of the Kennedy Space Center. During his time as an astronaut, Cabana was a part of four missions into space serving as pilot of STS-41 and STS-53 and mission commander of STS-65 and STS-88. He is a former Naval Flight Officer and Naval Aviator in the U.S. Marine Corps. Undergraduate Fellow Kara Fitzgerald ’16 discussed how it was interesting to learn how international relations and space policy intersect. “It was really cool to talk with Director Cabana about how the ISS transcends international conflict and almost becomes its own category of diplomacy,” stated Fitzgerald. 

After their meeting with Cabana, the Fellows went to watch the OA-6 Mission launch on the outside balcony at the top of a NASA administrative building, located across the street from the VAB. The launch took place at 11:05 p.m. EDT. “Seeing the launch was unlike any experience I have ever had and I am very grateful for this opportunity,” stated Roessler.


To view official information from NASA regarding this launch, click here.



Article written by Bethany Foxx ’16, a political science and international affairs double major and an Undergraduate Fellow at the Eisenhower Institute.

Thu, 05 May 2016 03:49:03 EDT
Congresswoman Kay Granger Brings her Expertise to Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b2c6175d-5f15-4971-b452-053d200e02c9&pageTitle=Congresswoman+Kay+Granger+Brings+her+Expertise+to+Gettysburg http://eisenhowerinstitute.org/news/news_detail.dot?inode=b2c6175d-5f15-4971-b452-053d200e02c9&pageTitle=Congresswoman+Kay+Granger+Brings+her+Expertise+to+Gettysburg            Congresswoman Kay Granger (R- TX) was the distinguished guest of the Eisenhower Institute for this year’s Blavatt lecture, meeting with students, enjoying dinner with faculty members and delivering a lecture for the entire Gettysburg community on the importance of diplomacy and its overlap with defense. This was the 17th Annual Blavatt Lecture, made possible by the Blavatt family.

            The Congresswoman met with the EI Undergraduate Fellows, as well as members of the Fielding Fellowship and EI’s Women in Leadership program prior to dinner.

            “I never planned to be in Congress at all, much less as long as I have,” Congresswoman Granger told this select group. “I got involved in local politics, and about a year later, I was the Mayor of Fort Worth.” 

            Following her conversation with the Eisenhower Institute’s brightest students and dinner with over eighty distinguished guests, the Congresswoman gave her presentation to those who joined her in the College Union’s Ballroom. She opened by praising the programs of Gettysburg College.

            “If I had gone to school here, I never would have left,” Congresswoman Granger said, lauding the remarkable programs and opportunities offered by the College.

            One of the primary points of her address was the importance of bipartisanship, and the disturbingly uncooperative direction that our government has taken.

            “My predecessor always worked across the aisle, and that was something I wanted to continue,” the Congresswoman said emphatically. “It’s important to start with what we agree on and then build from there.”

            “Her commitment to bi-partisanship was really inspiring,” said Sarah Roessler ’16, one the Eisenhower Institute’s Undergraduate Fellows. “In such a polarized period of governance in the United States, politicians like Congresswoman Granger are getting rarer.”

            The majority of the Congresswoman’s presentation was based on her experience on the House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee and as chairman of the State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee. She recalled an experience that she had that has shaped her views and summarizes the shift that our foreign policy has taken.

            “I was meeting with Donald Rumsfeld in the Pentagon on the morning of September 11th,” she explained, her tone solemn. “I reflected later that day, and in the months after, and during that meeting, Iraq was not mentioned once. Afghanistan was not mentioned once. Terrorism was not mentioned once.”

            Soon after 9/11, Congresswoman Granger became the first woman to serve on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. However, she spent most of her time on Wednesday night talking about the work she has done as Chairman of the State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee and how that experience has informed her unique understanding of National Security.

            She first spoke on soft power, like foreign aid, advocacy and other diplomatic endeavors. Soft power is what we use first; it is the basis of our diplomatic efforts. These efforts are educative, supportive and, above all, help facilitate exchanges between our country and others.

            “We have student and teacher exchanges,” she explained. “And the students that come back will never be the same.” The programs she discussed included the Sister Cities program, a legacy of President Eisenhower.

            “One of the greatest experiences of my time in Congress and my whole life was the chance to go to Iraq and meet with Iraqi women.” The newly established Iraqi Government had a significant quota for women in their new legislature. At the time, the Congresswoman did not realize the danger that this posed for the women who had chosen to serve in parliament.

            “I would have people leave notes for me that said ‘You don’t realize the danger you’re in. There are terrorists in this room’. We didn’t realize that just putting your name on a ballot, or even just meeting with someone like me, was putting your life in danger. These were the bravest women I ever knew.”

            After talking about the exchanges that she has tried so hard to facilitate, Congresswoman Granger then briefly addressed the concepts of hard power, which are the more public defense strategies, like sanctions and deployment of troops.

            “The military has been an agent of change, think about what our military has done for South Korea,” the Congresswoman said, talking about the work our military has done in cooperation with the South Korean military to hold back North Korean forces.

            “Direct military action is the last thing we do. All of the soft power has to come first.”

            The Congresswoman closed by taking questions, but the real highlight of her lecture came in a reminder to us, as U.S. citizens, that we still hold enormous weight in the changing world.

            “The United States is the most powerful country in the world. We have some problems that we need to address, but it doesn’t change the fact that we are powerful. We are also generous and giving.” 

Reporting was contributed by Chandler Robertson, a junior at Gettysburg College and a journalist on the Eisenhower Institute Campus Communications team.

Wed, 20 Apr 2016 04:40:06 EDT